Tae Kwon Do was
developed in Korea. The Korean word Tae Kwon Do means "art of
kicking and punching." The name Tae Kwon Do was officially adopted for
this martial art in 1959 after that name had been submitted by the South
Korean general Choi Hong Hi, the principal founder of Tae Kwon Do.
Tae Kwon Do teaches the
student how to use extensive high standing and jump kicks as well as
punches to control an attacker. Training in Tae Kwon Do is carried
out by learning individual techniques of kicking, punching, and blocking.
Students also practice basic sparring combinations. In sparring, blows are stopped just short of contact. Tae Kwon
Do is practiced as a sport by awarding points to correctly executed
techniques during free sparring.